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考博辅导:非谓语动词中的有关句型

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    考博英语考试中非谓语动词是一种常考句型,也是学员们在考试过程中比较容易出错的一类句型。下面我们为您简单介绍一下非谓语动词中的有关句型。

   (1)动名词作主语的句型
  1)Doing…+ v. Reading is an art.阅读是门艺术。Seeing is believing.眼见为实。

  2) It is + no use, no good (fun, a great pleasure, a waste of time, a bore…)等名词+doing sth.
  It is no use crying.哭没有用。It is no good objecting.反对也没有用。
  It is a great fun playing football.打篮球很有趣。
  It is a waste of time trying to explain.设法解释是浪费时间。

  3)It is + useless (nice, good,interesting, expensive等形容词)+ doing sth.
  It is useless speaking.光说没用。
  It is nice seeing you again.真高兴又遇到了你。
  It is good Playing chess after supper.晚饭后弈棋挺好。
  It is expensive running this car.开这种小车是浪费。

  4)There is no + doing…(there is no 表“不可能”)
  There is no telling what he is going to do.说出他要干什么是不可能的。
  There is no saying what may happen.说出将要发生什么是不可能的。

  5)There is no use (good/point/sense/harm)+doing sth.做某事没用(不好/意义/重要性)
  There is no use crying over spilt milk.牛奶洒了,哭也无用。

  6)have difficulty /trouble/problem + (in)+doing
  have作有解时,后接情感名词(in可省略),再接动名词。这类词还有trouble, fun, a hard time, a good time.
  例如:We had difficulty (in) carrying out the plan.我们执行计划有困难。

  7)feel like + 名词 感觉像动名词 “ 想要” =would like to +原形动词
  I feel like a newborn baby.我感觉像一个新生的婴儿。
  Do you feel like going to a movie?你想看电影吗?
  I don't feel like studying tonight.今晚我不想读书。

  8) spend/waste time doing sth.
  They spent a lot time (in) making preparations.他们花了许多时间作准备。

  9)在require后只能用动名词,不能用不定式,尽管表示被动的意思也要用动名词的主动形式。
  This problem requires studying with great care.这个问题需要仔细研究。
  10)cannot help doing sth.忍不住(做什么)
  I cannot help laughing, once I see john in that big trouser.

  (2)有关分词句型
  1)在表示感觉和心里状态的动词see,hear,feel,smell,listen(to),notice,observe,smell,watch这类表示感觉的动词之后常跟“宾语+现在分词”的复合结构,这种动词与分词之间的宾语可以是普通名词或专有名词(人各等),也可以是代词宾格(him,us等)。例如:
  She smelt something burning and saw smoke rising.她闻到有东西在燃烧并看到有烟升起来了。
  I watched them rehearsing the play.我看他们排演戏。
  I could feel the wind blowing on my face.我能感觉到风在我脸上吹过。

  2)表示“致使”等意义的动词,如:catch,find,leave,give,have,get,set后也可跟上述(1)的结构,有时也可跟过去分词结构。例如:
  I caught them stealing my apples.我抓住他们偷我的苹果。
  If she catches me reading her diary,she'll be furious.如果她抓住我偷看她的日记,她会愤怒的。
  We found him waiting to receive us.我们发现他正等着接待我们。

  3)go +现在分词表示“从事…”之意,这时现在分词做主语补语。go之后所接现在分词均表示短暂而又愉快的户外活动。如:jogging慢跑,fishing钓鱼,dancing跳舞,skating溜冰,bowling打保龄球,shopping 购物,sightseeing游览,camping露营。
  I'll go camping tomorrow.我明天去露营。
  I'll go shopping.我去商店。
  Would you like to go skating with me?你想和我去溜冰吗?

  4)be busy + v-ing(现在分词)忙着做…
  I am busy writing my thesis.我正忙着写论文。
  His assistant is busy(in) correcting papers.他的助教忙于批阅考卷。
  或者be busy with + n.忙着做某事。
  He is busy with his work.他忙着工作。

  5)What do you say to + ing分词?(……怎么样?)
  What do you say to joining us for dinner?和我们一起进餐,你看怎么样?

  (3)有关动词不定式句型
  下面这些词组是不定式的习惯用法,只能用不定式形式。
  can not help but do, can not but do, cannot choose but do, can do nothing but do, have no choice/alternative to do
  When I consider how talented he is as a painter, I cannot help but believe that the public will appreciate his gift.

    以上是关于考博英语中非谓语动词有关句型的简单介绍介绍,希望上述内容对您参加接下来的考博英语有帮助!

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